by Kimz


Last Updated on

In the world of computer monitors, choosing the right display with perfect colour reproduction and performance can be a daunting task. With numerous options available, it’s essential to understand monitor panel types: TN (Twisted Nematic), IPS (In-Plane Switching) and VA (Vertical Alignment).

These three popular LCD technologies serve different purposes for various users, from gamers to professional designers. In this blog post, we’ll delve deeper into each panel type so you can make an informed decision when selecting your next monitor.

Monitor Panel Types: TN, IPS, And VA

LCD panels on monitors come in three different types: Twisted Nematic (TN), In-Plane Switching (IPS), and Vertical Alignment (VA).

Twisted Nematic (TN) Panels

Twisted Nematic (TN) panels are among the most common and cost-effective types of display technology found in computer monitors today. Their widespread use can be attributed to their fast response times and affordable pricing, making them a popular choice for gamers and casual users alike.

However, it’s crucial to note that TN panels aren’t without their drawbacks. Their inferior colour reproduction and limited viewing angles can hinder the overall visual experience for certain professional tasks such as graphic design or photo editing.

Moreover, shifting your gaze even slightly off-centre with a TN panel may cause colours to appear washed out or distorted – an effect known as ‘colour shift’.

In-Plane Switching (IPS) Panels

IPS panels are known for their excellent colour accuracy and wide viewing angles. Unlike TN panels, which have a limited angle of view that can cause the colours to look washed out, IPS monitors maintain consistent and accurate colours from almost any angle.

IPS also has a faster response time compared to VA panels, making them suitable for gaming as well. However, they still lag behind TN counterparts when it comes to fast-paced content due to slower response times.

Vertical Alignment (VA) Panels

Vertical Alignment (VA) panels are a type of LCD panel that sits between TN and IPS in terms of performance. They generally offer better contrast ratios than TN or IPS panels, making them a good choice for media consumption such as watching movies or playing games.

One potential issue with VA panels is slow response times compared to other panel types, which can result in ghosting and blurring during fast-paced content like gaming. However, some newer models use advanced technology to reduce this issue and provide a smoother experience overall.

TN Vs IPS Vs VA: What To Consider

When it comes to choosing a monitor panel type, there are several factors you need to consider such as response time and input lag, viewing angle and colour accuracy, contrast ratio and black levels, as well as flicker-free and blue light filtering technology.

Response Time And Input Lag

Response time and input lag are two important factors to consider when choosing a monitor panel type. Response time refers to how quickly the monitor can change from one colour to another, which is especially important for gaming or fast-paced content.

Input lag refers to the delay between a user inputting a command (e.g., pressing a button) and its corresponding action on-screen. This latency can be frustrating or even detrimental in games that require split-second reactions, so it’s important to choose a panel with minimal input lag.

Overall, there isn’t necessarily a “best” panel type as different applications call for different priorities.

Viewing Angle And Colour Accuracy

When it comes to monitoring panel types, viewing angle and colour accuracy are two crucial factors to consider. The viewing angle refers to the range at which you can see the screen without any distortion or loss of image quality, with IPS panels being known for their wider viewing angles compared to TN and VA panels.

For gamers who require fast response times and refresh rates, TN panels may be suitable since they have faster response times but lower colour accuracy and narrow viewing angles.

On the other hand, professional designers or photographers may prefer IPS panels due to their excellent colour reproduction and wide viewing angles when working on projects that require precise colour correction.

Contrast Ratio And Black Levels

The contrast ratio and black levels are two important factors to consider when choosing a monitor panel type. Contrast ratio refers to the difference between the brightest and darkest points on a screen, while black levels refer to how deep and dark those darker areas actually appear.

In general, TN panels have lower contrast ratios than IPS and VA panels due to their limitations in displaying accurate colours and deeper blacks. Meanwhile, VA panels tend to offer the best contrast ratios with high levels of depth in black areas but may suffer from colour shifts at wider viewing angles.

Overall, when considering which monitor panel type is best for you, it’s worth thinking about what your primary use case will be – whether that’s gaming or professional design work – before making a decision based on factors like response times for fast-paced content or colour accuracy for more precise visual tasks.

Flicker-Free And Blue Light Filtering Technology

To ensure a comfortable and safe viewing experience, monitor manufacturers have developed flicker-free and blue light filtering technology. Flicker-free technology reduces the flickering of the screen caused by the backlighting to reduce eye strain and headaches, making it suitable for extended use.

Many modern monitors come equipped with both features as standard; however, gamers should be mindful since reducing these elements can slightly increase response time in some cases.

Which Monitor Panel Type Is Best For You?

Consider the purpose of your monitor usage and take a look at our recommendations to discover which panel type suits you best.

Gaming And Fast-Paced Content

Gamers and those consuming fast-paced content require monitors that can keep up with their demands. For gaming, TN panel monitors are often the go-to choice due to their high refresh rate and low response time.

This means there is minimal motion blur during fast gameplay, resulting in a smoother experience overall.

For those who consume HDR content or play games that require more vivid colours, IPS panel monitors are a great option as they generally offer superior colour gamut and contrast ratio compared to TN panels.

They also tend to have wider viewing angles which mean viewers can enjoy an immersive experience no matter where they’re positioned in front of the screen.

Ultimately, choosing the right monitor panel type boils down to personal preference based on your specific needs when it comes to gaming and fast-paced content consumption.

Professional Design And Photography

For professionals in the design and photography industry, colour accuracy and viewing angles are of utmost importance. This is where IPS panels reign supreme. The wide viewing angles provided by an IPS panel make it easier for designers to collaborate with others on projects without sacrificing image quality.

Additionally, IPS panels have a wider colour gamut than TN or VA panels, meaning they can accurately display more shades of colours.

For those working with HDR content, an IPS panel that supports high-dynamic-range technology might be ideal. Professional-grade monitors also tend to have higher resolutions and pixel densities for clear images and sharp details.

When considering an IPS monitor for professional work purposes, response time may not be the deciding factor since speed isn’t paramount in these scenarios.

Office Work And Everyday Tasks

If you’re using your monitor for office work and everyday tasks, then you have a lot of options to choose from. TN panels are usually the cheapest and fastest option, but they don’t provide the best viewing angles or colour reproduction.

IPS panels, on the other hand, offer great viewing angles and better colour accuracy than most TN panels.

When it comes to everyday use at work, consider factors such as display resolution (higher is usually better), screen size (depending on how many windows you need open at once), flicker-free technology (to reduce eye strain), and blue light filtering (to reduce fatigue).

Pay attention also to how easily adjustable monitors are with respect to tilt angle or height adjustments which are really important if you plan spending long hours in front of them.


In conclusion, understanding monitor panel types is crucial when choosing the right computer monitor for your needs. Whether you’re a gamer looking for fast response times or a professional designer needing accurate colour reproduction, knowing the differences between TN, IPS and VA panels can help you make an informed decision.

When buying a new monitor, consider factors such as response time and input lag, viewing angle and colour accuracy, contrast ratio and black levels, flicker-free technology and blue light filtering to ensure a comfortable viewing experience.

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